The role of hormones is not only relegated to menstruation, pregnancy, and sexuality in general, they are also very important in the functions of the rest of the body as they help to balance all biological processes. When exercising you activate the production of several of these hormones by the endocrine system, we will explain which ones and how they act in your body.
Hormones and their role in the human body
Hormones play a fundamental role in the body helping the brain maintain balance by making the body’s processes coordinated. The brain’s release of these specific hormones according to the needs of the body are given from different glands (thyroid, ovaries, thymus, hypothalamus …) with different locations.
There are many hormones that make the body function properly, help in the growth and development of the body, intervene in sleep and wake adjustment processes, promote the burning of food fuel to produce energy, regulate stress, the system Immune, sexual functions … all our life revolves around hormones as you will see.
What hormones are activated with physical exercise?
Of all the hormones released by the endocrine glands, we will tell you which ones are activated when you exercise .
Surely you have already heard more than once and more than two that exercising brings wellbeing and elevates mood. Well, this is because of the release of hormones called endorphins when you exercise . Ideally, to maintain good levels of endorphins is to do regular physical activity with intervals of intensity, at least 3 times a week.
Growth hormone plays an important role in muscles and bone, being responsible for its good condition, the development of muscle mass and the optimal production of collagen . This hormone is also involved in fat metabolism, making it a great ally for weight control. It is released from the pituitary gland after about 25 minutes of physical exercise.
Arginine (antidiuretic hormone) is also one of the hormones that are activated by physical activity and, like the previous one, is produced in the pituitary. It has a vasodilator effect and increases blood flow, which makes the muscles perfectly withstand physical exertion .
On the other hand, prolactin levels increase when you exercise, also releasing from the pituitary. It is the hormone that stimulates the production of milk in the breasts, as well as its growth and development. It is also the hormone responsible for the metabolism of salts .
Benefits for the body
What are these hormones activated when doing physical activity what does it mean? As we told you, the brain works in consonance with hormones, that is, the nervous system produces neurotransmitters and coordinates with the endocrine that releases hormones to complement each function.
When exercising our body adapts to a new situation where there are changes in breathing, the cardivascular system etc … these new inputs make the nervous system attend to a situation of stress that levels claiming the help of certain hormones, of which We’ve talked to you before concretely.
These hormones will help you to have a better physical performance in training and also to recover better after watching over the good state of health of the muscles, also giving them strength.
They are responsible for regulating body temperature and, as we said at the beginning, they are also to blame for that feeling of well-being, euphoria and renewed energy that physical exercise brings.
Another of the functions that these hormones have is to stimulate the metabolism favoring weight loss, being great allies in weight control . As you will see there are plenty of reasons not to give yourself a sedentary life that, although it may seem like a good a priori plan, in the long run, routinely provides endless benefits and is one of the best things you can do for your body. and your mind Mens sana in corpore sano.